Back to articles
Volume: 19 | Article ID: art00011_1
Statistical Analyses of Adhesive Forces on Electrophotographic Toners
  DOI :  10.2352/ISSN.2169-4451.2003.19.1.art00011_1  Published OnlineJanuary 2003

The statistical distributions of toner adhesive force Fa and detach field Ed, arising from distributions in toner radius r and charge density q are examined mathematically. The widening of Fa distribution and the narrowing of Ed distribution, compared to r and/or q distributions, have been predicted. Since Ed is a quantity more relevant than Fa in electrophotography, this finding suggests that the effects of toner size and/or charge dispersions on toner adhesion in electrophotography may be weaker than generally expected.

Subject Areas :
Views 3
Downloads 1
 articleview.views 3
 articleview.downloads 1
  Cite this article 

Inan Chen, "Statistical Analyses of Adhesive Forces on Electrophotographic Tonersin Proc. IS&T Int'l Conf. on Digital Printing Technologies (NIP19),  2003,  pp 36 - 40,

 Copy citation
  Copyright statement 
Copyright © Society for Imaging Science and Technology 2003
NIP & Digital Fabrication Conference
nip digi fabric conf
Society of Imaging Science and Technology
7003 Kilworth Lane, Springfield, VA 22151, USA