A model describing the effects of ink penetration for water based ink jet printing is proposed. Dependence of the ink penetration on ink percentage and ink spreading have been taken into account in this model. Halftone tints printed with the primary inks have been measured spectrally to verify the model. The agreement between measurements and the model is accurate enough to show important characteristics of ink penetration such as color shifts and color gamut reduction.
Li Yang, Björn Kruse, Nils Pauler, "Modeling Ink-penetration for Ink-jet Printing" in Proc. IS&T Int'l Conf. on Digital Printing Technologies (NIP17), 2001, pp 731 - 734, https://doi.org/10.2352/ISSN.2169-4451.2001.17.1.art00065_2