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Volume: 33 | Article ID: art00003
Two-Channel 3D Range Geometry Compression with Virtual Plane Encoding
  DOI :  10.2352/ISSN.2470-1173.2021.18.3DIA-061  Published OnlineJanuary 2021

Modern computing and imaging technologies have allowed for many recent advances to be made in the field of 3D range imaging: range data can now be acquired at speeds much faster than real-time, with sub-millimeter precision. However, these benefits come at the cost of an increased quantity of data being generated by 3D range imaging systems, potentially limiting the number of applications that can take advantage of this technology. One common approach to the compression of 3D range data is to encode it within the three color channels of a traditional 24-bit RGB image. This paper presents a novel method for the modification and compression of 3D range data such that the original depth information can be stored within, and recovered from, only two channels of a traditional 2D RGB image. Storage within a traditional image format allows for further compression to be realized via lossless or lossy image compression techniques. For example, when JPEG 80 was used to store the encoded output image, this method was able to achieve an 18.2% reduction in file size when compared to a similar three-channel, image-base compression method, with only a corresponding 0.17% reduction in global reconstruction accuracy.

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Matthew G. Finley, Tyler Bell, "Two-Channel 3D Range Geometry Compression with Virtual Plane Encodingin Proc. IS&T Int’l. Symp. on Electronic Imaging: 3D Imaging and Applications,  2021,  pp 61-1 - 61-7,

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