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Volume: 33 | Article ID: art00013
HEVC Rate-Distortion Optimization with Source Modeling
  DOI :  10.2352/ISSN.2470-1173.2021.10.IPAS-259  Published OnlineJanuary 2021

The Rate-Distortion adaptive mechanisms of MPEG-HEVC (High Efficiency Video Coding) and its derivatives are an incremental improvement in the software reference encoder, providing a selective Lagrangian parameter choice which varies by encoding mode (intra or inter) and picture reference level. Since this weighting factor (and the balanced cost functions it impacts) are crucial to the RD optimization process, affecting several encoder decisions and both coding efficiency and quality of the encoded stream, we investigate an improvement by modern reinforcement learning methods. We develop a neural-based agent that learns a real-valued control policy to maximize rate savings by input signal pattern, mapping pixel intensity values from the picture at the coding tree unit level, to the appropriate weighting-parameter. Our testing on reference software yields improvements for coding efficiency performance across different video sequences, in multiple classes of video.

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Ahmed M. Hamza, Mohamed Abdelazim, Abdelrahman Abdelazim, Djamel Ait-Boudaoud, "HEVC Rate-Distortion Optimization with Source Modelingin Proc. IS&T Int’l. Symp. on Electronic Imaging: Image Processing: Algorithms and Systems XIX,  2021,  pp 259-1 - 259-9,

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