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Volume: 30 | Article ID: art00012
Contextual effects in human gloss perception
  DOI :  10.2352/ISSN.2470-1173.2018.14.HVEI-512  Published OnlineJanuary 2018

The well-known simultaneous contrast effect describes how surrounding surfaces influence lightness perception. Similar contextual effects are ubiquitous in the lightness literature. Contextual effects in gloss perception however, have not yet been studied intensively. Here, we describe two distinct studies that investigate the role of spatial interactions between different glossy materials. In a first study we produced real surfaces that contain two different materials and compared perceived gloss in two conditions: in isolation and in context with a second material. Our results provide strong evidence that the context largely influences perceived gloss. Gloss ratings of identical materials differed depending on the presentation mode. In a second study we wished to quantify the strength of these contextual effects using Maximum likelihood conjoint measurement. We used glossy versions of the simultaneous contrast display and again found strong influences of albedo and gloss of the surroundings on perceived gloss and lightness. Both studies hint towards a profound influence of the context on perceived gloss. Investigating spatial interactions between materials within a scene has largely been studied in the lightness literature but only received moderate attention in the gloss literature. Our results provide confirmatory evidence that perceived gloss is shaped by other materials in the scene.

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Sabrina Hansmann-Roth, Sylvia C. Pont, Pascal Mamassian, "Contextual effects in human gloss perceptionin Proc. IS&T Int’l. Symp. on Electronic Imaging: Human Vision and Electronic Imaging,  2018,  pp 1 - 7,

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