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Banknote Security
Volume: 28 | Article ID: art00019
Security Evaluation based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process for First-line Anti-counterfeit Elements
  DOI :  10.2352/ISSN.2470-1173.2016.8.MWSF-084  Published OnlineFebruary 2016

First-line security features such as intaglio latent printing and watermarks for security documents play a very important role in combating counterfeiters. Against such a background, the derivation of criteria for the evaluation of security elements and the practice of such evaluation are critical processes in security improvement. Although methods of determining the quantitative value security of DOVIDs in first inspections have been examined in previous work, further study is needed to address issues with limitations on targets of evaluation, a lack of clarity in evaluation scales for measurement corresponding to individual criteria, and uncertainties in MDA methodologies. The authors previously established a method to support quantitative security evaluation for elements in first-line inspections for security documents. In the study reported here, a security criteria evaluation tree for general elements was first derived. The tree was then used to develop a set of security evaluation tools in spreadsheet software based on the analytic hierarchy process. Security features were quantitatively evaluated, and the scores obtained were visualized as security profiles. The results helped to clarify individual characteristics, including security weaknesses in elements, and approaches for the selection of suitable elements for implementation in products.

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Manabu Yamakoshi, Junichi Tanaka, Hiroshi Iwasaki, "Security Evaluation based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process for First-line Anti-counterfeit Elementsin Proc. IS&T Int’l. Symp. on Electronic Imaging: Media Watermarking, Security, and Forensics,  2016,

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