Image manipulation has a long tradition in art and photography, now extended into digital media. When designing and using digital systems for manipulating images it is desirable to consider the ethical issues, especially their effects on the end-users or consumers of the images. Many of these issues are related to those of IT ethics, but the visual aspects of imaging pose special challenges to systems engineers and educators alike.
Lindsay W. MacDonald, "Ethical Issues in Digital Image Manipulation" in Proc. IS&T 4th Color and Imaging Conf., 1996, pp 209 - 213, https://doi.org/10.2352/CIC.1996.4.1.art00054