Pigment classification of paintings is considered an important task in the field of cultural heritage. It helps to analyze the object and to know its historical value. This information is also essential for curators and conservators. Hyperspectral imaging technology has been used
for pigment characterization for many years and has potential in its scientific analysis. Despite its advantages, there are several challenges linked with hyperspectral image acquisition. The quality of such acquired hyperspectral data can be influenced by different parameters such as focus,
signal-to-noise ratio, illumination geometry, etc. Among several, we investigated the effect of four key parameters, namely focus distance, signal-to-noise ratio, integration time, and illumination geometry on pigment classification accuracy for a mockup using hyperspectral imaging in visible
and near-infrared regions. The results obtained exemplify that the classification accuracy is influenced by the variation in these parameters. Focus distance and illumination angle have a significant effect on the classification accuracy compared to signal-to-noise ratio and integration time.