Retinex is a colour vision model introduced by Land more than 40 years ago. Since then, it has also been widely and successfully used for image enhancement. However, Retinex often introduces colour and halo artefacts. Artefacts are a necessary consequence of the per channel color processing and the lack of any strong control for controlling the locality of the processing (halos are very local errors). In this paper we relate an input to the corresponding output processed retinex image by using a single shading term which is both spatially varying and smooth and a global colour shift. This coupling dramatically reduces common Retinex artefacts. Coupled Retinex is strongly preferred in preference tests.
Javier Vazquez-Corral, Graham D. Finlayson, "Coupled Retinex" in Proc. IS&T 27th Color and Imaging Conf., 2019, pp 7 - 12, https://doi.org/10.2352/issn.2169-2629.2019.27.3