An accurate image-difference measure would greatly simplify the optimization of imaging systems and image processing algorithms. The prediction performance of existing methods is limited because the visual mechanisms responsible for assessing image differences are not well understood. This applies especially to the cortical processing of complex visual stimuli.We propose a flexible image-difference framework that models these mechanisms using an empirical data-mining strategy. A pair of input images is first normalized to specific viewing conditions by an image appearance model. Various image-difference features (IDFs) are then extracted from the images. These features represent assumptions about visual mechanisms that are responsible for judging image differences. Several IDFs are combined in a blending step to optimize the correlation between image-difference predictions and corresponding human assessments.We tested our method on the Tampere Image Database 2008, where it showed good correlation with subjective judgments. Comparisons with other image-difference measures were also performed.
Ingmar Lissner, Jens Preiss, Philipp Urban, "Predicting Image Differences Based on Image-Difference Features" in Proc. IS&T 19th Color and Imaging Conf., 2011, pp 23 - 28, https://doi.org/10.2352/CIC.2011.19.1.art00006