Common descriptors of light quality fail to predict the chromatic diversity produced by the same illuminant in different contexts such as images of natural scenes. The aim of this paper was to introduce a new index, capable of predicting illuminant-induced variations in the chromatic diversity off natural scenes. The spectral reflectance of each pixel of 50 images of natural scenes obtained using a hyperspectral imaging and the spectral reflectance of 1264 Munsell surfaces were converted into the CIELAB color space for each of the 55 illuminants and 5 light sources. The CIELAB volume was estimated by the convex hull method. The number of discernible colors was estimated by segmenting the CIELAB color volume into unitary cubes and by counting the number of non-empty cubes. High correlation was found between the CIELAB volume occupied by the Munsell surfaces, the number of discernible colors and CILEAB color volume of the colors of natural scenes. These results seem to indicate that a new illuminant chromatic diversity index based on natural scenes could be defined using the CIELAB volume of the Munsell surfaces.
João Manuel Maciel Linhares, Paulo Daniel Pinto, Sérgio Miguel Cardoso Nascimento, "Chromatic diversity index – an approach based on natural scenes" in Proc. IS&T CGIV 2010/MCS'10 5th European Conf. on Colour in Graphics, Imaging, and Vision 12th Int'l Symp. on Multispectral Colour Science, 2010, pp 58 - 61, https://doi.org/10.2352/CGIV.2010.5.1.art00010