Functional materials configured as liquid toners are printed on a variety of surfaces for various manufacturing processes. The materials include metal toners, resistor toners, high K dielectric toners, phosphors and ITO. The substrates printed upon include glass, bare and coated metal, polymeric film and even paper. A fixed configuration electrostatic printing plate is used in most manufacturing applications though traditional photoreceptor plates can be used if electronic addressibility is desired.Results with a pure silver toner printed on both glass and paper will be reported. Examples of passive electronic components such as resistors, capacitors, and even inductors that have been electrostatically printed with liquid toners will be shown. Near term goals for the future will be discussed.
Robert H. Detig, Paul Kydd, David Richard, "The Electrostatic Printing of Microstructures for Flat Panel Displays and Printed Wiring Boards" in Proc. IS&T Int'l Conf. on Digital Printing Technologies (NIP15), 1999, pp 293 - 296, https://doi.org/10.2352/ISSN.2169-4451.1999.15.1.art00077_1