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Volume: 53 | Article ID: art00009
Color Constancy Algorithms: Psychophysical Evaluation on a New Dataset
  DOI :  10.2352/J.ImagingSci.Technol.2009.53.3.031105  Published OnlineMay 2009

The estimation of the illuminant of a scene from a digital image has been the goal of a large amount of research in computer vision. Color constancy algorithms have dealt with this problem by defining different heuristics to select a unique solution from within the feasible set. The performance of these algorithms has shown that there is still a long way to go to globally solve this problem as a preliminary step in computer vision. In general, performance evaluation has been done by comparing the angular error between the estimated chromaticity and the chromaticity of a canonical illuminant, which is highly dependent on the image dataset. Recently, some workers have used high-level constraints to estimate illuminants; in this case selection is based on increasing the performance on the subsequent steps of the systems. In this paper the authors propose a new performance measure, the perceptual angular error. It evaluates the performance of a color constancy algorithm according to the perceptual preferences of humans, or naturalness (instead of the actual optimal solution) and is independent of the visual task. We show the results of a new psychophysical experiment comparing solutions from three different color constancy algorithms. Our results show that in more than half of the judgments the preferred solution is not the one closest to the optimal solution. Our experiments were performed on a new dataset of images acquired with a calibrated camera with an attached neutral gray sphere, which better copes with the illuminant variations of the scene.

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Javier Vazquez-Corral, C. Párraga, Ramon Baldrich, Maria Vanrell, "Color Constancy Algorithms: Psychophysical Evaluation on a New Datasetin Journal of Imaging Science and Technology,  2009,  pp 31105-1 - 31105-9,

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