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Volume: 50 | Article ID: art00006
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Multispectral Imaging: How Many Sensors Do We Need?
  DOI :  10.2352/J.ImagingSci.Technol.(2006)50:1(45)  Published OnlineJanuary 2006
Abstract

The surface reflectance functions of natural and manmade surfaces are invariably smooth. It is desirable to exploit this smoothness in a multispectral imaging system by using as few sensors as possible to capture and reconstruct the data. In this paper we investigate the minimum number of sensors to use, while also minimizing reconstruction error. We do this by deriving different numbers of optimized sensors, constructed by transforming the characteristic vectors of the data, and simulating reflectance recovery with these sensors in the presence of noise. We find an upper limit to the number of optimized sensors one should use, above which the noise prevents decreases in error. For a set of Munsell reflectances, captured under educated levels of noise, we find that this limit occurs at approximately nine sensors. We also demonstrate that this level is both noise and dataset dependent, by providing results for different magnitudes of noise and different reflectance datasets.

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Ali Alsam, David Connah, Jon Hardeberg, "Multispectral Imaging: How Many Sensors Do We Need?in Journal of Imaging Science and Technology,  2006,  pp 45 - 52,  https://doi.org/10.2352/J.ImagingSci.Technol.(2006)50:1(45)

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Copyright © Society for Imaging Science and Technology 2006
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