The quality of a multispectral color image acquisition system depends on many factors, the spectral sensitivity of the different channels being one of them. In a relatively common setup, a multispectral camera is being implemented by coupling a monochrome digital camera with a set of optical filters, typically mounted on a filter wheel. The properties of these filters is an important component of the system design. Different methods have been proposed for the design or selection of appropriate filters. In this article we review several methods used for selection of an optimal subset of filters from a set of available filters. The different filter selection methods are subjected to a comprehensive evaluation procedure, in which their quality is evaluated mainly in terms of the ability of the resulting system to reconstruct scene spectral reflectances.
Jon Y. Hardeberg, "Filter Selection for Multispectral Color Image Acquisition" in Journal of Imaging Science and Technology, 2004, pp 105 - 110, https://doi.org/10.2352/J.ImagingSci.Technol.2004.48.2.art00005