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Volume: 46 | Article ID: art00012
Physics and Performance Optimization of Electronic Paper
  DOI :  10.2352/J.ImagingSci.Technol.2002.46.6.art00012  Published OnlineNovember 2002

The physics of two versions of reflective electronic papers: E-Ink™ and Gyricon™ are examined. Electrodynamic models are developed to understand their design and to optimize performance. Models are verified with analytic solutions, published data, and laboratory experiments to ensure fidelity and accuracy. Excellent agreement is obtained using a set of self-consistent parameters. Specific engineering suggestions are proposed to: lower switching voltage, reduce switching time, improve display resolution, control Gyricon charging, and create gray level images.

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Richard C. Lean, "Physics and Performance Optimization of Electronic Paperin Journal of Imaging Science and Technology,  2002,  pp 562 - 574,

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Copyright © Society for Imaging Science and Technology 2002
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