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Volume: 45 | Article ID: art00002
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Optimized Extended Gamut Color Encoding for Scene-Referred and Output-Referred Image States
  DOI :  10.2352/J.ImagingSci.Technol.2001.45.5.art00002  Published OnlineSeptember 2001
Abstract

Images can be broadly categorized as belonging to one of two types of image states: unrendered and rendered. Images in an unrendered image state are directly related to the colorimetry of a real or hypothetical original scene. Images in a rendered image state are representations of the colorimetry of an output image, such as a print or a CRT display. Over the years, many device-dependent and device-independent color encodings have been used to represent images in both of these image states. This has resulted in a host of interoperability problems between various systems. There would be a significant advantage to standardizing on a small number of color encodings for the purposes of storage, interchange and manipulation of digital images. While the recently agreed upon sRGB color encoding specification is one important step towards such standardization, there is also a need to define standard color encodings that are not limited by the color gamut of any specific device. This article will describe a family of new color encodings that have been developed to address this need. A new color encoding specification known as Reference Output Medium Metric RGB (ROMM RGB) is defined for representing rendered or output-referred images, and a companion color encoding specification, known as Reference Input Medium Metric RGB (RIMM RGB), is defined for representing unrendered or scene-referred images.

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  Cite this article 

Kevin E. Spaulding, Geoffrey J. Woolfe, Edward J. Giorgianni, "Optimized Extended Gamut Color Encoding for Scene-Referred and Output-Referred Image Statesin Journal of Imaging Science and Technology,  2001,  pp 418 - 426,  https://doi.org/10.2352/J.ImagingSci.Technol.2001.45.5.art00002

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Copyright © Society for Imaging Science and Technology 2001
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