We report on a photorefractive polymer composite that shows an initial rise time of 4 ms at a grating spacing of 3.1 μm. A systematic characterization of the ionization potential of a series of chromophores used in photorefractive applications is presented. No obvious correlation between material response time and ionization potential is found in PVK:ECZ:TNFDM composites doped with chromophores with an ionization potential higher or comparable to that of carbazole. All the chromophores under investigation are found to form a charge-transfer complex with the sensitizer TNFDM and a correlation between the spectral position of this band and the value of the ionization potential of the chromophore is demonstrated.
B. Kippelen, E. Hendrickx, K. B. Ferrio, J. Herlocker, Y. Zhang, N. Peyghambarian, S. R. Marder, J. Anderson, N. R. Armstrong, S. Mery, "Photorefractive Polymer Composites with Short Response Times" in Journal of Imaging Science and Technology, 1999, pp 405 - 412, https://doi.org/10.2352/J.ImagingSci.Technol.1999.43.5.art00002