As during the last decade the limit between professional and personal usage of smartphones gradually disappeared, the present study is devoted to the tracking of the visual documents scanned by a personal mobile phone for some professional reasons. By a visual document we assume
a composition of text, graphics and images corresponding to various physical-world documents (invoices, calls for tenders, legal contracts, etc.). As the scanning (capturing) conditions cannot be reproductible, the main issue is to unambiguously and securely identify various digital representations
for a same physical document. A second issue is related to the inherent constraints in resources made available for such a task in the mobile/embedded environment. To jointly solve these issues, a solution based on coupling the blockchain technologies to the visual fingerprinting principles
is advanced. The novel elements thus brought to light relate to (1) the coupling of fingerprint and blockchain solutions, (2) the unitary smart contracts generation and management (with illustrations for the Tezos blockchain) and (3) an on-chain / off-chain work balancing solution for coping
to the mobile world constraints. The experimental results obtained on a database of more than 10 000 visual documents resulted in F1 score equal up to 0.98 while being compatible with low-resources computing environments (Raspberry Pi).