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Volume: 29 | Article ID: art00010
Pseudo-haptic by stereoscopic images and effects on muscular activity
  DOI :  10.2352/ISSN.2470-1173.2017.5.SDA-380  Published OnlineJanuary 2017

The authors have been conducting research on cross-modal perception employing sensory integration in which participants perceive tactile sensation from stereoscopic (3D) images. The pseudo-haptic system enables the phenomenon of subtle tactile sensation by spatial and temporal synchronization with 3D images without any physical contact. In this study, a 3D image of an object was presented using a binocular see-through head-mounted display, and participants moved their forearms as if touching the viewed object. Myoelectric potentials were measured during experiencing a subtle tactile sensation by the forearm movements. From the results of the experiment, a decrease of myoelectric potential and extension of movement time were found with increase of intensity of the pseudo-haptic sensation.

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Takashi Kawai, Fumiya Ohta, Sanghyun Kim, Hiroyuki Morikawa, "Pseudo-haptic by stereoscopic images and effects on muscular activityin Proc. IS&T Int’l. Symp. on Electronic Imaging: Stereoscopic Displays and Applications XXVIII,  2017,  pp 80 - 84,

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