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Volume: 28 | Article ID: art00020
Sony ARW2 Compression: Artifacts And Credible Repair
  DOI :  10.2352/ISSN.2470-1173.2016.2.VIPC-227  Published OnlineFebruary 2016

Although most cameras produce JPEG-encoded images ready for viewing, many also offer the ability to save the digitized, but otherwise unprocessed, sensor data in a file so that more sophisticated processing can be applied later. For recent Sony cameras, the raw data is encoded in a format known as ARW (Alpha RaW). Controversially, ARW version 2.0 and later employ lossy compression for 32x1-pixel blocks, combining a non-linear reduction of value range and a form of delta encoding. This compression has been associated with occasionally severe visual artifacts. In this paper, the artifacts observed with real cameras using this compression scheme are characterized and several algorithms for credible repair of those artifacts, including computational texture synthesis, are presented and experimentally evaluated.

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Henry Gordon Dietz, "Sony ARW2 Compression: Artifacts And Credible Repairin Proc. IS&T Int’l. Symp. on Electronic Imaging: Visual Information Processing and Communication VII,  2016,

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