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Volume: 6 | Article ID: art00008
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Prime colors and color imaging
  DOI :  10.2352/CIC.1998.6.1.art00008  Published OnlineJanuary 1998
Abstract

In modeling color vision, certain visiblewavelengths have special significance. A growing body of scientific work shows that the wavelengths around 450nm, 540nm and 605nm, the so called prime-color (PC) wavelengths, are fundamental to color vision. Perhaps unsurprisingly, these same wavelengths are often discussed in the color imaging literature. Monitors that can display a large gamut of colors and are visually efficient have phosphor-primary peaks at the PC wavelengths. Color cameras that have peak sensitivities at the PC wavelengths have favorable color-balancing properties. Why are the PC wavelengths so important? This paper provides a start toward a mathematical theory to answer this question.

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M.H. Brill, G.D. Finlayson, P.M. Hubel, W.A. Thornton, "Prime colors and color imagingin Proc. IS&T 6th Color and Imaging Conf.,  1998,  pp 33 - 42,  https://doi.org/10.2352/CIC.1998.6.1.art00008

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