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Volume: 24 | Article ID: art00017
Colour vision during the developing age
  DOI :  10.2352/ISSN.2169-2629.2017.32.101  Published OnlineNovember 2016

It has been previously shown [3-6] that chromatic discrimination across the life span is characterised by a bell-shape function that has its maximum at 20-30 years; after this age the ability to discriminate colours decreases due to age-related ocular and neuronal changes. However, it is unclear why the discrimination should also be poorer during the paediatric age range. In this study we tested psychophysically if the elevated discrimination thresholds of a paediatric population reflect a real anatomical and/or functional visual development; or if they are biased by the difficulty in performing the discrimination task, and the attentional resources required to execute the test. We compared paediatric performance at two chromatic discrimination tests: the Universal Colour Discrimination Test (UCDT), and the Farnsworth-Munsell 100 Hue Test (FM100HT). The UCDT used a simple 2-alternative-forced-choice task to measure the minimum saturation required to discriminate the chromatic target from its achromatic background. Saturation thresholds were measured near the protan, deutan, and tritan confusion lines. Each threshold took about 2 minutes and was repeated twice for a measure of reliability. The FM100HT required the observer to sort a large number of caps according to their hue, and on average it took about 20 minutes to complete the test. The two tests were run on the same day and in random order. We tested a population of 56 paediatric observers: 18 aged 5-6 years, 20 aged 9-10 years and 18 aged 13-14 years; all had normal colour vision, as assessed by either the Ishihara or the HRR plates. Our control group consisted of 18 adult observers aged 18-23 years; all had normal colour vision. Expectedly, we found that the mean total error scores measured with the FM100HT dramatically varied with age. Surprisingly, chromatic discrimination thresholds measured with the UCDT were approximately constant across age for all confusion axes. In fact, apart from a few outliers, all paediatric observers showed chromatic discrimination thresholds that fell within the normal trichromatic range. In conclusion, we found that chromatic discrimination in our paediatric population can be as good as chromatic discrimination in young adults, when assessed with a sensitive and fast colour discrimination test based on a simple task, like the UCDT.

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Caterina Ripamonti, Sarah Kalwarowsky, Marko Nardini, "Colour vision during the developing agein Proc. IS&T 24th Color and Imaging Conf. ,  2016,

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