New descriptors for lightness and chroma are presented that are based on properties of a wraparound Gaussian metameric to the given XYZ tristimulus coordinates. For the 1600 samples of the Munsell glossy set, both descriptors are found to correlate to Munsell value and chroma at least as well as the corresponding CIECAM02 descriptors when the Munsell samples are under the CIE C illuminant. However, when the illuminant is changed the new descriptors were found to be considerably more consistent under the second illuminant than those of CIECAM02.
Hamidreza Mirzaei, Brian Funt, "Robust Chroma and Lightness Descriptors" in Proc. IS&T 23rd Color and Imaging Conf., 2015, pp 75 - 78, https://doi.org/10.2352/CIC.2015.23.1.art00014