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Volume: 22 | Article ID: art00041
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A Similarity Measure for Large Color Differences
  DOI :  10.2352/CIC.2014.22.1.art00041  Published OnlineNovember 2014
Abstract

Hundreds of large color differences, of magnitude 20 ΔE00, were generated and used in a visual sorting experiment. The process of generating these color differences and two specific experiments are described in detail. The results show that small color difference metrics, such as ΔE00, do not consistently model the visually sorted differences for large differences. A new similarity measure, based on a cosine similarity between categorical vectors of colors, is described and used to more consistently model large color differences. This similarity metric can be used to better characterize large color errors during reproduction, for image processing operations such as segmentation or as a feature for content retrieval. The new measure can also be applied to visual phenomena, such as categorical perception, in which within category color differences are perceived as smaller than across category differences.

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Nathan Moroney, Ingeborg Tastl, Melanie Gottwals, "A Similarity Measure for Large Color Differencesin Proc. IS&T 22nd Color and Imaging Conf.,  2014,  pp 234 - 239,  https://doi.org/10.2352/CIC.2014.22.1.art00041

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Copyright © Society for Imaging Science and Technology 2014
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Color and Imaging Conference
color imaging conf
2166-9635
Society for Imaging Science and Technology