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Volume: 16 | Article ID: art00001
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Physiologically-based color matching functions
  DOI :  10.2352/CIC.2008.16.1.art00001  Published OnlineJanuary 2008
Abstract

A continuing goal of color science since the establishment of the trichromatic theory of color perception [e.g., 5, 6, 7] has been the accurate determination of the spectral sensitivities of the long-, middle- and short-wavelength-sensitive (L, M and S) cones—also known as the fundamental color matching functions (or CMFs): <overline>l</overline> (λ), <overline>m</overline> (λ) and <overline>s</overline> (λ). These CMFs are the physiological bases of all other CMFs. The cone fundamentals of Stockman and Sharpe [2], which are to be recommended by the CIE Technical Committee 1-36 as an international standard for colorimetry [12], rely on measurements made in both normal trichromats and color deficient observers. These measurements are used to guide the linear combinations of the Stiles & Burch [1] CMFs that define the cone fundamentals.

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Andrew Stockman, "Physiologically-based color matching functionsin Proc. IS&T 16th Color and Imaging Conf.,  2008,  pp 1 - 5,  https://doi.org/10.2352/CIC.2008.16.1.art00001

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