Various recent studies have shown that observer variability can be a significant issue in modern display colorimetry, since narrow-band primaries are often used to achieve wider color gamuts. As far as industrial applications are concerned, past works on various aspects of observer variability and metamerism have mostly focused on cross-media color matching, an application context that is different from color matching on two displays, both in terms of human visual performance and the application requirements. In this paper, we report a set of three preliminary color matching experiments using a studio Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) display with broadband primaries, and a modern wide-color gamut Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) with narrow-band primaries, with and without surround. Two principal goals of these pilot tests are to validate the experimental protocol, and to obtain a first set of metameric data of display color matches under different viewing conditions. In this paper, various experimental design considerations leading to the current test setup are discussed, and the results from the pilot tests are presented. We confirm the validity of our test setup, and show that the average color matches predicted by the 1964 CIE 10° standard observer, although acceptable as average matches, can often be significantly and unacceptably different from individual observer color matches. The mean, maximum and the 90th percentile values of the standard observer-predicted color difference of individual observer color matches were 1.4, 3.3 and 2.6 ΔE*00 respectively.
Abhijit Sarkar, Laurent Blondé, Patrick Le Callet, Florent Autrusseau, Patrick Morvan, Jürgen Stauder, "A color matching experiment using two displays: design considerations and pilot test results" in Proc. IS&T CGIV 2010/MCS'10 5th European Conf. on Colour in Graphics, Imaging, and Vision 12th Int'l Symp. on Multispectral Colour Science, 2010, pp 414 - 422, https://doi.org/10.2352/CGIV.2010.5.1.art00065