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A Physical Basis for Color Constancy
  DOI :  10.2352/CGIV.2002.1.1.art00002  Published OnlineJanuary 2002
Abstract

A fundamental problem in psychophysical experiments is that significant conclusions are hard to draw due to the complex experimental environment necessary to examine color constancy. An alternative approach to reveal the mechanisms involved in color constancy is by modeling the physical process of spectral image formation. In this paper, we aim at a physical basis for color constancy rather than a psychophysical one.By considering spatial and spectral derivatives of the Lambertian image formation model, object reflectance properties are derived independent of the spectral energy distribution of the illuminant. Gaussian spectral and spatial probes are used to estimate the proposed differential invariant. Knowledge about the spectral power distribution of the illuminant is not required for the proposed invariant.The physical approach to color constancy offered in the paper confirms relational color constancy as a first step in color constant vision systems. Hence, low-level mechanisms as color constant edge detection reported here may play an important role in front-end vision. The research presented raises the question whether the illuminant is estimated at all in pre-attentive vision.

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Jan-Mark Geusebroek, Rein van den Boomgaard, Arnold W.M. Smeulders, Theo Gevers, "A Physical Basis for Color Constancyin Proc. IS&T CGIV 2002 First European Conf. on Colour in Graphics, Imaging, and Vision,  2002,  pp 3 - 6,  https://doi.org/10.2352/CGIV.2002.1.1.art00002

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Copyright © Society for Imaging Science and Technology 2002
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Conference on Colour in Graphics, Imaging, and Vision
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